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Sunny 칼럼: 전공이야기- Cyber Security (Subfield of Computer Science)

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tomasedu
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2018-12-07 12:11
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미국은 사이버보안을 자국이 직면한 가장 심각한 경제적국가안보적 도전의 하나로 규정하고적극적으로 사이버공간에서 자국을 보호하기 위한 방어라인 구축과 전방위적 방어 및 미래 사이버보안 환경 강화 등 목표를 선정하였으며 연방 정부기관의 인터넷 접속 관리침입탐지시스템범 정부적 사이버방어 계획 수립에 집중하고 있다모든 기관업무생활이 온라인으로 연결됨에 따라 정부 차원만이 아니라 사이버 보안은 일반 기업과 일반인에게도 묵과할수 없는 부분임에 분명하다
 
이러한 산업적사회적 동향을 볼때 사이버 시큐리티 관련 기술 개발은 필수적이며 그 성공하는 핵심요소인 우수 인력의 확보 및 육성은 더 말할 나위가 없다
 
사이버 보안 관련 직종에서 일하려면 어떤 전공을 필요로 할까통계에 의하면 44%는 Computer Science, Mathematics 또는 전기공학을 전공했으며 34%는 해당 분야 석사학위를 보유한 것으로 나타나지만 박사학위 소지자는 10%미만으로 보인다.
타 전문 분야보다 박사 등 고학력은 현저히 낮은 수치를 보이는 반면전문 자격증 소지자들이 눈에 뜨인다이러한 자격증을 보유하고 있다고 말한 사람은 무려 85%였으며 자격증으로는 Security Administration, Forensics, Audit, Management, Legal, Software Security and GSE의 카테고리로 분류되고 CISSP (Certified Information Systems Security Professional), CCNIP (Cisco Certified Network Professional Security), CEH (Certified Ethical Hacker), GIAC (Global Information Assurance Certification), ISACA Certifications, CompTIA Security + 등이 있다.
 
사이버 보안 관련 분야 종사자들의 관심사를 조사한 결과대부분  도전적이고 의미있는 것들이라는 응답(56%)이 나왔다.
그 외에중요하고 의미있는 일 44%, 좋아하는 기술 39 %, 끊임없는 변화&역동적인 산업 31%, 작업 보안 27%, 높은 급여 및 혜택 25%, 재능과 기술의 유효성 검증 18%, 최고의 사람들과 함께 일할 기회 13% 등이 관심사로 나타난다
 
사이버 보안 전문가가 일하는 지역은 캘리포니아나 워싱턴DC, 북부 버지니아매릴랜드 등으로 나타나고 있으며 공공기관방위산업체항공산업, Third party 회사들이 밀집해 있는 곳이다.  해당 관련 업체로는 구글을 선두로연방 정부, Cisco, 시만텍맥아피 등이 알려져 있다
 
사이버 보안 전문직은 크게 보면 컴퓨터 사이언스 분야의 극히 일부분에 속하고 있으며 컴퓨터 사이언스 전공을 하고 Computer and Information Research Scientist, Computer and Information Systems Manager, Computer Network Architect, Software Developer등 분야의 경험을 거쳐 사이버 보안 쪽으로 진출을 고려해 볼 수도 있다관련 직종에 대하여 최근 동향기술 등에 대해 알고 싶으면 아래 웹사이트를 참고하면 된다
https://niccs.us-cert.gov/
https://www.us-cert.gov/
https://www.justice.gov/criminal-ccips
https://securityboulevard.com/
https://www.issa.org/
https://www.cyberstudents.org/
 
사이버 보안 기술이 강조되고 활용되는 분야는 다음과 같으며컴퓨터 사이언스 전공에 관심을 보이는 학생이라면 더 깊이 파고들어 미리 전문적 정보를 탐색하고 공부해 보는 것도 좋겠다
Access Management, Cloud-Based Security, Data Leak Prevention, Intrusion Protection, Next Generation Firewall, Botnet Protection, Data Encryption, Endpoint Protection, Malware/Virus Security, Wireless Security.
 
학부에서 사이버 보안 전공을 제공하는 대학은 Georgia Tech, Purdue, UIUC, Rochester Tech, UC Davis, Virginia Tech, Boston University, Johns Hopkins, Syracuse 등이 있으며 https://www.cyberdegrees.org/listings/top-schools/ 에서 대학 리스트의 확인이 가능하다.  
최근 UC Irvine 에서도 18세 이상을 대상으로 단기 certification프로그램을 (https://bootcamp.ce.uci.edu/cybersecurity/제공하고 있으니 타 전공 대학생들이나 이직을 원하는 성인들도 검토해 볼 만하다.


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